Bound Brook Flood Analysis

 

 Melanie Chu

Melissa Hagerman

Aleek Datta
 

 

Hurricane Floyd produced torrential downpours and flooding across New Jersey. Hardest hit was the Raritan River Basin in

the north-central part of the State, which received seven to eleven inches of rain in less than 24 hours. The main stem of the

Raritan River at Bound Brook set a new peak of record on 9/17/99 at 42.13 feet. This is the highest stage since at least 1800.

Below is map of the path Hurricane Floyd took, directly over central New Jersey.

 

 

The following pages represent an analysis on Bound Brook to determine the specific types of people that were affected by the

flooding in that area. Data was gathered from information at the ESRI site, specifically using TIGER street files, 1990 census

data by block and block group, along with other files that contain relevant features, such as roads and rivers. Please note that

you can click on each image to see an larger view of the image. Afterwards, click back on your browser to return to this page.


 Bound Brook is bordered by two water bodies on its western

and southern borders. To the south lies the Delaware and

Raritan Canal as well as the Raritan River. On its western

face lies Middle Brook.

 

 

 The majority of the flooding occurred in the southern

regions of Bound Brook. The green line visible in the

diagram represents the 100 year flood plain, which is also an

accurate representation of the area that was flooded. This

area can be analyzed based upon ethnicity (African

American, Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian, and American

Indian), age and economic factors such as aggregate value

and mean rent.

 

Ethnic Distribution in Bound Brook

 

As stated previously, the population of Bound Brook is a conglomerate of a variety of ethnic backgrounds. The diversity in

ethnicity is what makes Bound Brook unique. Unfortunately, during the flooding, all of the different ethnic groups were

endangered. The following maps show the ethnic distribution of Bound Brook residents affected by the flood.

   

 

 

 

 As you can see, all of the

ethnic groups in Bound

Brook were affected by

the flood, some more so

than others. The chart on

the left breaks down the

ethnic distribution of the

flood victims. The

majority of the flood

victims were Caucasian,

followed by Hispanics.

 

 

This graph represents the percentage of

each ethnic group affected by the

flooding. For example, 64% of the total

Hispanic population and 41% of the

total Caucasian population of Bound

Brook were affected by the flooding

caused by Hurricane Floyd.

 

Age Distribution in Bound Brook

 

 

 As seen in the map to the left, twenty

one to eighty one persons within the

floodplain were under the age of

eighteen.

 Next, we see that 63 to 215 persons affected

by the flooding were between the ages of

eighteen to sixty five years old.

 

 

 Finally, twelve to twenty persons

within the floodplain affected were

above the age of sixty five years old.

 

 

 

In the flooding caused by

Hurricane Floyd, the majority of

those affected were between the

ages of 18 to 65. One conclusion

that can be drawn from this graph

is that the hardest hit age group

were those who were already

settled, or were in the process of

settling. Unfortunately,this

portion of the population will have

the most difficult time

rebuilding their lives.

 

 

 
 

This graph represents the

percentage of each age group

affected by the flooding.

Mean Rent for Floodplain

 This map exhibits the range of mean rent in the Bound

Brook area. In the areas most affected by the flood, the

mean rent was between $528 to $575. This conclusion

implies that the area most affected was occupied by the

people with smaller incomes than in other areas of Bound

Brook.

 

Note: All conclusions made in this report were based upon data taken from within the 100 year floodplain. Though this data

provides insight upon the extent of the damage done by Hurricane Floyd, it is only preliminary data. Official data has yet to

be published, and further analysis can take place when such data is released.